- Total Area of
- The total area of Canada is
9 984 670 square kilometres. Of
this, 9 093 507 square kilometres is land and 891 163 square kilometres
is fresh water. Canada's area is the second largest in the world (after
Russia which has a total area of 17 075 000 square kilometres). On
Canadian territory, the longest distance North to South (on land) is 4
634 kilometres from Cape Columbia on Ellesmere Island Nunavut
Middle Island in Lake Erie, Ontario. The longest distance East to West
is 5 514 kilometres from Cape Spear, Newfoundland and
to the Yukon Territory - Alaska boundary
- The total length of the
Canada-United States boundary is
- Landmass and
- Approximately 40% of
Canada's landmass and freshwater is
north of 60 degrees North latitude. Between them, the Northwest
Territories and Nunavut contains 9.2% of the world's total freshwater.
The area of Canada north of the treeline is 2 728 800 square kilometres
or 27.4% of the total area of the country.
Canada's largest, and one of the world's greatest earthquakes, happened
on the 22nd of August 1949, off the Queen Charlotte Islands
(53°62' N 133°27' W). The magnitude was 8.1 and it was
widely felt. Some damage occurred on the Queen Charlotte Islands. One
of most destructive Canadian earthquakes happened on the 18th of
November 1929, in the Atlantic Ocean, south of Newfoundland. The
magnitude was 7.2 and it was widely felt. Twenty-seven people were
drowned and much damage was caused by a tsunami on the Burin Peninsula
of the island of Newfoundland.
- The Great
- The Great Lakes - Superior,
Michigan, Huron, Erie and
Ontario - are the largest group of freshwater lakes in the world. They
have a total surface area of 245 000 square kilometres, of which about
one third is in Canada. Lake Michigan is entirely within the
Niagara Falls (on the Niagara
River) is acknowledged as
one of the world's greatest cataracts because of its height and its
estimated mean annual flow of 6000 cubic metres per second.
The largest non-polar ice field in the world can be found in the St.
Elias Mountains, Yukon Territory. It covers an area of 40 570 square
kilometres of which 16 900 square kilometres are located in Canada, the
remainder being in Alaska.
- The Trans-Canada Highway
length (using the
Perth-Peterborough-Parry Sound route) is 7604 kilometres. It is the
longest national highway in the world.
The fastest-built highway is the Alaska Highway
which runs from Dawson Creek, British Columbia to Fairbanks, Alaska.
All 2451 kilometres of this highway were built in less than a year
(1942 to 1943). Fireweed the floral emblem of Yukon
Territory, is a
common sight along the Alaska Highway
The northernmost highway is the Dempster Highway
found mainly in Yukon Territory. It is the only public highway above
the Arctic Circle that is open year-round. It runs from near Dawson,
Yukon, to Inuvik, Northwest Territories; a distance of 720 kilometres.
At the time it happened, the most expensive natural catastrophe in
terms of property damage was a violent hailstorm that struck
Calgary on September 7, 1991. Insurance companies paid about
$400 million to repair over 65 000 cars, 60 000 homes and businesses,
and a number of aircraft.
The Regina Tornado of June 30, 1912, rated as F4 (winds of 330 to 416
kilometres per hour) was the most severe tornado so far known in
Canada. It killed 28 people, injured hundreds and demolished much of
the downtown area.
Only Walled City
The only walled city north of Mexico is Québec City; it was
the first city in North America to be placed on UNESCO's
World Heritage Sites
- Great Slave
- The deepest lake is Great
Slave Lake, Northwest
Territories, 614 metres deep.
The world's highest tide is in the Bay of Fundy at Burntcoat
Head, Nova Scotia. The mean large tide range is 16.1 metres.
- The world's largest island
in a freshwater lake is
Manitoulin Island in Lake Huron, 2765 square kilometres.
The highest mountain in Canada is Mount Logan, Yukon Territory, 5959
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